Many companies produce a very large range of rackets for badminton. All models can be divided into two groups: Professional and amateur.
From the name, it is clear that professional rackets – for professional players. Amateur – for amateurs. What is the difference between them? First, their playing qualities. Second, durability. Third, the masses. And in the fourth, of course, the price.
Under the playing qualities are basically understood three characteristics. Rigidity, control, and energy. Rigidity – characterizes the pliability of the racket rod when hitting the shuttlecock.
The higher the level of the player, the more rigid the racket he plays. Control – mainly characterizes the stiffness of the racket rod when it is twisted. This characteristic strongly influences the accuracy of the wave flight.
This is due to the fact that when the racket is not hitting the center of the racket, the rod is twisted and with its low torsional stiffness, the trajectory of the wave changes, i.e. you want to send a shuttlecock to one point, and it flies to another. The more expensive and better the model, the higher its control.
The third indicator is energy. By this characteristic, all badminton racquets can be evaluated to see how hard they hit on the wave, all other things being equal. This indicator depends on the mass of the racket and its balance, i.e. on the concentration of this mass closer to the rim or closer to the handle.
The more the balance is shifted in the rim of the racket, the more the impact will be stronger. But the worse it will have control. Players of the attacking plan choose models with the balance in the head (in the rim). Players of the combination plan with the balance in the handle.
Which material is best for badminton rackets
In order to be able to assess for whom the racket is ideally suited and whether it is adapted to the circumstances, must be paid to several properties. Only the interaction of these makes the badminton racket what it is. The properties depend on the weight and material, covering, balance and the frame.
Material and weight
By the material of the racket can be concluded on the weight. The weight moves in a frame between 80 and 110 grams. For many models, care is taken not to exceed 90 grams. Even a small difference in weight affects the maneuverability of the moves.
So not only professionals to the lightweight models, but also women and children are low weight suggests. The game shows that a higher weight also has advantages.
Due to the higher mass and the momentum a correspondingly high acceleration of the badminton ball is achieved. This is still used to a weight of fewer than 100 grams.
What is graphite badminton racket
Usually, one of the three classic materials is used. These are graphite, carbon or titanium. In the past, the clubs were mainly made of aluminum, which, however, for advanced and professionals brings the optimal properties.
High Modulus Graphite is a shatter-proof yet lightweight material. Additional stability combined with stiffness and low vibration is created by the combination with fiberglass or kevlar fibers.
Carbon has similar properties. This artificially produced material is very stable despite the low weight. Glass fiber convinces by high flexibility and at the same time stability.
On some models, especially for beginners, it may happen that different materials are used for the frame and shaft. To create the necessary stability, a T-piece is integrated at the transition between shaft and frame.
Why are badminton rackets hoops shaped?
As with the simple home-use badminton kits, beginner badminton rackets have an isometric head shape. This is correspondingly larger than in the professional slide. The head also depends on the fabric. This should have a low to medium degree of hardness.
With a low hardness of the string and soft strings, a higher acceleration of the ball is achieved. A harder stringing requires a higher swing speed.
What is the right hardness for a racket?
The hardness of the strings is crucial for the flight of the ball and its speed. Beginners are recommended to have a low stringing of 5 to 7 kg. Professional players should bet on a hardness between 7 and 13 kg.
The strength of badminton racquets depends on the material of which they are made and the production technology itself. Almost all professional rackets are made of different types of graphite. An amateur can also be made of graphite, only lower quality level and of metallic materials (steel, aluminum).
Of course, metal racquets for scrap (for example, when hitting a racket against a racket) will be more durable. Graphite ones are less. And the worse the quality of graphite is, the less strong the racket will be.
But as for the tension, the professional racquets can be stretched much harder. This is due to the fact that the metal rims have less rigidity and they, with a strong tension deform.
The weight of the racquets ranges from 85 to 150 grams. This also depends on the material they are made of. Almost all professional racquets (badminton) have a mass of about 90-95 grams (excluding strings and windings).
Prices for badminton racquets can vary from $10 to $110. This depends on the model and where you buy these racquets.
BADMINTON RACKET STRINGS
BG-65tiThe main parameter of the string is its thickness. Badminton strings are between 0.66 and 0.85 mm thick. The thickness of the string affects its strength and sensitivity. Sensitivity is a parameter that determines how well the string will play, i.e. how easy it will be to beat off the flounce.
The thinner the string is, as a rule, the better to play it, but the less it will serve you. For amateur games are recommended some medium variants of strings. The thickness of 0.7 – 0.75 mm.
These strings are good enough to beat the shuttlecock and at the same time, long enough to hold on (serve). Import quality strings cost about 10-15$ and are usually designed for a load of 7kg, there is also a 9kg.
BADMINTON RACKET TENSION
That’s actually a strategic question. The quality of the string tension on the racket depends as much as on the racket itself. In other words, a good racket with poor tension is the same as a bad racket. The main indicator of tension is the tension force.
The strings are stretched with an average load of 8-12 kilograms. Longitudinal (vertical) strings pull 0.5-1.0 kg stronger than transverse (horizontal) strings. For amateur play with a plastic flounce, the load on the string is usually 8 to 9 or 9 to 10 kg.
This depends on the string, and on what kind of tension this player likes. It should also be noted that all the racquets are stretched only on professional equipment (on special machines). It is highly recommended not to make inserts on the racket.
That is, if the string breaks, it must be pulled completely. This has a strong effect on the service life of the racket and, of course, on the quality of the tension. Racketeers are tightened by specialists, who are called stringers (from the word String – string).
There are two types; plastic (synthetic) and feather (natural). Professional athletes train and play only with feathers. Plastic flounces are played by some professionals and amateurs.
They have a slightly different flight path but serve much longer. This is especially true for amateur players. Since they often hit the windward rim of the racquet, and the feather shuttlecock from such blows quickly goes out of action.
There are many companies producing plastic and feather shuttlecocks. It is impossible to distinguish between them by the feather-vibration of a clear leader.
In terms of speed, there are three types of flounces: slow, medium and fast. The speed of the flange can be determined by the color of the ribbon on the flange head. Green corresponds to a slow wave, blue to a medium wave and red to a fast wave.
Plastic flounces mainly produce white and yellow. Yellow ones in rooms with poor lighting are better visible.
Now about prices: qualitative plastic flounces, for example, “Yonex Mavis 300,350” cost about 2,5 – 3 $/piece, that is not cheap. However, other companies also produce good shuttles, and their prices are lower.
And feathers cost approximately 2 times cheaper. (Usually, they are packs of 12 pieces). As a rule, it is better to have more shuttles than fewer ones.
FORM AND SHOES
At first glance, it may seem that the athlete’s uniform and shoes are not as important as, say, the flare racket. In fact, this opinion is erroneous. What are the recommendations?
The uniform should not interfere with the athlete’s performance. That is, it should be very comfortable and practical. The material should preferably be cotton. Special attention should be paid to shoes. This can be said in general a strategic issue.
Sports sneakers should be, above all, comfortable. The sole of sneakers should have a good grip on the floor. Another mandatory requirement for shoes is maximum injury safety. Sneakers must hold their feet very well. That is, the foot should sit firmly in the shoes (do not hang out or slip).
Hence, the size of sneakers should be carefully selected. When you measure new shoes, the size should be taken either exactly on the leg, or a little less, given that after a few training sessions it is carried out.
The rest of the recommendations can only apply to colors and models. But it makes no sense to give them because they taste and color of a friend.
You can also pay attention to the company manufacturer. For clothing, specific recommendations will not be. Since the form of cotton can be bought in any sports store. But sneakers are better to buy the firm that specializes in badminton.
Models of sneakers of these firms are designed so that they are as convenient and strong as possible, with a specific load on them. That is, they have reinforced those places that are most heavily loaded when playing badminton.
The wraps on the handle of the racket, first of all, are put to make the racket slide less in the hand, and the second, to adjust the thickness of the handle. There are several types of windings.
They differ: in thickness, in the presence of glue layer (for attachment to the handle), in the material from which they are made (natural or synthetic), in the presence of internal veins (antishock), as well as the presence of volume corrugations along the entire length of the winding.
It is necessary to replace the winding in the course of operation of the racket, i.e. when the winding is too saline (i.e. the hand starts to slide) or is simply wiped. Winding, which firms to put on the racket question is not fundamental, as long as they were of high quality and you like them.
Read also: How Important is Badminton Racket Stiffness