If you want to play badminton, you can actually play at any place you want. You can set up a badminton court in your backyard, assuming you have enough space and a pretty flat yard. If you don’t, you should be able to find a flat area in a nearby park to set up the badminton court for an afternoon of family fun.
But if you want to play more serious badminton, then you will need to go to play at a badminton court. Even though you can play badminton outdoor, but because of the wind factor, the shuttlecock tends not to follow the direction where it should head to, so it is the best for you to play indoors.
Badminton Court Dimensions in Meters
The official size and dimensions of a standard badminton court has featured a length of 13.40 meters. For doubles, the width is 6.10 meters whilst for singles, the width is 5.18 meters.
For doubles, the diagonal length is 14.723 meters while for singles the diagonal length = 14.366 meters.
The measurement of the width of the white line is 4.0cm.
The center of the site is divided by the net (the height of the post on both sides is 1.55 meters in height from the surface of the court. The height of the top of the net is 1.524 meters.)
You can refer to below diagram for the design and layout of a standard badminton court follow the rules and requirements of Badminton World Federation (BWF). The drawing will outline the floor plan of the court and the measurement in meters for each part with labels.
However, if you’re playing just for fun and don’t have quite that much room, you can shrink these dimensions somewhat. Just remember that if you shrink the length, you need to shrink the width, too. For example, if you need to lop 10’ off the length of your court, you should also shrink the width by one-fourth.
Material Use for Construction
The ideal badminton court is made up with the elastic wood flooring material. (as long as the small wooden blocks are not spliced vertically). At present, the court for the use of international competition has adopted bituminous(chemical synthetic materials) to build a movable plastic court.
While for non-international competitions, if they don’t have the chemical synthetic court, the competition can also be carried out on the court of (concrete)cement, triad or carpet. It is not recommended as playing on the surface will easily get you injured.
Today, you can find badminton court in most of the schools, universities, gymnasiums, institutions, hospitals, etc. Most of the courts are either using wood flooring or synthetic flooring. This is to ensure athletes not get too slippery or too sticky while playing the game and have a certain degree of flexibility.
Badminton Court Construction Detail
Before you create your badminton court, be sure to clear away all obstructions and make the floor flat.
You will start with a tape measure and measure off the court’s length and width. The idea is to create a perfect rectangle which you may not be able to do on the first try. So, a good idea is to mark each line marking with at least two dots of white floor paint. This way, you can make some adjustments later if needed.
Next, form the court using white or yellow string and the white dots. If it looks like you’ve made a good rectangle, you can then create the finished lines with white or yellow spray paint. If the rectangle looks lopsided either way, be sure to make the necessary corrections before you spray the lines.
Placing The Posts And Net
Once you have your badminton court laid out, you will need to measure in half from one of the back lines to place your posts and the net. For example, if you’re making a full-size court, you will need to measure off 22’ from one of the back lines.
The next thing you need to do is to divide each side of the two halves of the court in two to form the right and left service courts. In other words, make a line halfway between the court’s sidelines–or 10’ for a full-size court. You should now have four rectangles, each measuring 22’ by 10’.
Creating A Badminton Service Line
Next measure out 6’ 6’ from the center line (where the net will be) and make a line. This will be your service line. You will need to do this on both sides of the centerline as there needs to be a service line on both sides of the net.
If you will be playing doubles, you will also need to create a line 3’ inside both your sidelines (the width lines).
Finally, install the badminton net. Most nets are just placed in the ground with string-tied stakes. However, you can also get a more “professional” net that has tension devices to help keep the net from sagging over time.
Preferred Surfaces For A Badminton Court
If you are a more serious badminton player, you’ll be playing badminton indoors. If you play at a recreation center that has badminton tournaments or a badminton “ladder”, you can’t be much of a chooser. You’ll probably be playing on some form of wooden plank flooring–one that’s used for basketball, badminton and who knows what else. If you’re lucky, the facility will lay out rubber floor mats on the wooden flooring for badminton, as this is easier on the back and legs than just the wood. If you’re lucky and live near a badminton club, you might play on a surface created specifically for badminton such as Play-Turf® or a vinyl-pvc sports flooring.
You may not have much of a choice in badminton flooring but if you do, the preferred choice would be either the Play-Turf of the vinyl-pvc sports flooring. Both of these provide a good surface for turning, running and stopping; and are easier on your body than wooden-plank flooring.
If you are wondering how much it is to construct an indoor badminton court, there is a lot of factors need to take into consideration.
My friend is a constructor, and he ever built a building for his client that consists of 15 badminton courts. The total construction cost including complete infrastructure is $1 million. The price is not cheap.
If you already have room to accommodate a badminton court, you can try to get a court mat with lines readily painted which may just cost you around $3,500. If you get a branded one like from Yonex then the cost will be about $10,000.
Badminton Court Lighting Standards
- Amateur competition (training): 150lx-300lx
- General competition: 300lx-500lx
- Official competition: 500-750 or higher (can be up to 1500lx).
- The auditorium is 30lx-100lx.
(The lux (symbol: lx) is the SI derived unit of illuminance and luminous emittance. The measurement is equal to one lumen per square meter.)
Standard Lighting Layout:
- Use the lamps on the ceiling for general illumination and then add auxiliary light-transmitting illumination from higher positions on both sides of the net.
- Side lighting or indirect lighting using indoor side walls.
- The lamp should have a light barrier to prevent glare.
- In order to make the white shuttlecock and the background have good contrast, the interior wall and ceiling are preferably made of brown or green, and the floor is decorated with low reflectivity.
Other Flexible Lighting Setting
- The light source is illuminated by a metal halide light (Osram or Philips).
- The lamps should be illuminated, the reflectors should be clear, and the integrated lamps should be used.
- The power of the light source is 400w-1000w (or even 2000w [expensive]) according to the height and the density of the light.
- The lights can be grouped and controlled according to different game levels.
Badminton Court vs Tennis Court Size
The size of a tennis court is in a rectangle shape with a length of 23.77 meters (78 feet) and a width of 8.23 meters (27 feet).
The net divided the whole field into two half. The net is made of braided net cord material that is with a diameter of no more than 0.8 cm (1/3 inch).
The ends of the net are suspended on the post with less than 15 cm in diameter (6 inches).
The height of the net post shall not exceed 2.5 cm (1 inch) at the top of the rope. The center of the post is 0.914 meters (3 feet) from the outer edge of the line.
Badminton Court vs Pickleball Court
The size of the pickleball court is similar to the badminton court. There are only 2 differences between them.
The first one is the net. Pickleball court is having a lower net compare to the badminton court.
The second one is:
Pickleball: no volley zone is 7 feet from the net
Badminton: no service line is 6.5 feet from the net